A home pregnancy test is the easiest way to find out if a woman is pregnant or not. Most women in India perform a pregnancy test when they had unprotected sex with their partner. If you are looking for how to use a pregnancy test kit to get the accurate results, you are in the right place. This article lists 7 ways to use a pregnancy test kit to get authentic and trustworthy results at home.
The pregnancy kit test results are affected by a number of contributing factors. To understand better, I have categorized these factors in two categories.
- Physical Factors: This includes the contamination of pregnancy test strips, manufacturing defects, and expiration date.
- Human Factors: Human or non-physical factors include improper use of urine sample, low level of HCG (human Chorionic Gonadotropin) hormone, stress level, and time of pregnancy test.
9 out 10 times, human factors are responsible for invalid pregnancy test results. So without further ado let’s jump right into the core information source where you can learn how to use the pregnancy test kit to get the right result.
How to Use Pregnancy Test Kit?
Once you have purchased the kit, take out the test strip carefully without contaminating the marked result zone. Read the instruction manual thoroughly for any special requirements for the test.
Most of the pregnancy test kits in India require you to urinate directly on the strip and wait for the color code to appear on the result zone. But if your pregnancy kit comes with a dropper, it means you will have to store the urine sample in a sterilized container.
Use the dropper to pour few drops of the urine sample on the testing area marked on the strip and wait for few minutes. It takes around 5 to 7 minutes for the colors to appear on the strip. There are now fast pregnancy test kits available in the market which provide close to the accurate result under 1 minute.
How to Confirm Pregnancy?
Unlike ovulation kits, home pregnancy test kits provide a simple way of providing the test result. After the test strip reacts with the urine sample, it shows color codes to confirm the pregnancy of the person.
Here are the possible test results you can get after using the kit:
- One color line: Negative test result and the person is NOT pregnant.
- Two color lines: Positive test result and the person is pregnant.
- One dark and one light line: Likely to be pregnant.
One dark and one light line appear when there was a low concentration of pregnancy hormone (hCG) in the urine sample during the test. In such a case, you should perform the test once again within 72 hours to confirm the pregnancy. In the worst case, if you do not get the same color codes, I suggest consulting a doctor.
7 Ways to Use Pregnancy Test Kit for Best Results:
1. Check the Expiry Date of the Kit
The very first thing you should do to get accurate pregnancy test results is to check the expiry date of the kit. All the medical devices especially test kits come with manufacturing and expiry date. If you are using an expired pregnancy test kit you can be 100% sure to get invalid results. In case the expiry date of the kit is approaching very near to the present date, I still do not recommend buying it. Since pregnancy kits use litmus pH paper which is highly time-sensitive, the probability of achieving accurate results decreases exponentially.
2. Store the Kit in Refrigerator Before Use
Most of the medical kits or equipment are stored in a cold place. The reason being it contains an active culture which can only survive in an optimal temperature range. Depending upon the pregnancy kit brand you are using, you should store the device in the refrigerator if not in use. If you want to perform the test, please ensure to bring the kit temperature down to normal. Always remember tests conducted at abnormal temperature can be false.
3. Read the Instruction Manual Properly
We Indians are always in hurry. We like to play fast and win quickly even if do not know the rules of the game. Same goes with the pregnancy test kits. Most of the women do not read what is mentioned in the instruction manual of the kit. They simply rush to the toilet to pee on the strip, see falsified results and mourn over the deed. In order to avoid such chaos, please read the instruction manual thoroughly and follow the steps mentioned to get close to accurate results.
4. Take the First-Morning Urine Sample
According to medical reports, the first-morning urine of women contains a high concentration of pregnancy hormone. Not only that it contains all types of pregnancy hormones formed in the ovaries. Using this concentrated test sample enables the test strip to provide reliable results by recognizing all the hormones. Therefore, I recommend performing the early morning pregnancy with first-morning urine.
5. Use a Sterilized Container
Some pregnancy test kits come with test strips and some require you to store urine in a container and use a dropper to pour a few drops of urine sample on the testing area. If you are using such kit which requires you to collect the urine sample in a container, make sure it is fully sterilized. Sterilize simply means free from bacteria or living microorganisms. Any urine sample with alien bacteria or micro-organism can easily manipulate the pregnancy test results.
6. Do not Touch Pregnancy Test Strips
Many women unwrap the kit and accidentally place fingers on the testing zone of the strip. The pregnancy test strip material is generally coated with monoclonal antibody (MAb) which is highly reactive. If you touch this agent with dirty fingers, it fails to detect the hCG present in the urine. Always remember not to touch the test zone on the testing strip.
7. Do not Eat or Drink Before Test
As I mentioned before the first-morning urine sample is highly concentrated eating or drinking before the test will dilute the concentration of pregnancy hormone. This deteriorates the quality of the test result. Sometimes, the pregnancy test strip fails to show any results due to no quantity or no sign of hormone in the sample. Hence in order to achieve the best result, perform the test without eating or drinking in the morning.